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Citation & Formatting Help


  • TIU style is used by most of the programs at TEDS and TGS.
  • It is based on the Turabian/Chicago style.
  • Turabian has two styles: footnotes / bibliographies and parenthetical references / reference lists. Most TEDS programs use the footnotes / bibliographies style, except for the ICS, EDS, and DMin programs, which use parenthetical references / reference lists. Counseling uses APASee a full list of styles by department, and ask your professor for your particular class.

Some Helpful Resources

Turabian / Chicago video