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Citation & Formatting Help


  • TIU style is used by most of the programs at TEDS and TGS.
  • It is based on the Turabian/Chicago style.
  • Turabian has two styles: footnotes / bibliographies and parenthetical references / reference lists. Most TEDS programs use the footnotes / bibliographies style, except for the ICS, EDS, and DMin programs, which use parenthetical references / reference lists. Counseling uses APASee a full list of styles by department, and ask your professor for your particular class.

Some Helpful Resources


Zotero is a free bibliographic management program that one can use with any of these three browsers: Firefox, Chrome, or Safari. It allows one to download references from TrinCat, I-Share, WorldCat, and most of our databases, including Atla, Academic Search Premier, and PsycInfo. After downloading references, Zotero can be used with its corresponding Microsoft Word (or Open Office counterpart) plugin to create parenthetical references/footnotes and bibliographies in many different citation styles.

Download Zotero

Tutorial / help with Zotero