English Bible translations are publications that seek to faithfully render the original Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek text of the Bible in the English language.
Generally speaking, significant differences between translations are due to two reasons:
Generally speaking, two approaches to translation exist with specific translations falling somewhere on the spectrum between the two poles.
The following chart presents where prominent English translations roughly fall on this spectrum.
* The above chart is taken from Fee, Gordon D., and Mark L. Strauss, How to Choose a Translation for All Its Worth: A Guide to Understanding and Using Bible Versions (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2007), pp. 28.