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Citation & Formatting Help


  • TIU style is used by most of the programs at TEDS and TGS.
  • It is based on the Turabian/Chicago style.
  • Some programs use footnotes/bibliographies and some parenthetical references/reference lists. Check your program at the beginning of the style guide to be sure what style variation to use, or ask your professor if you are not sure.

Some Helpful Resources


Zotero is a free bibliographic management program that one can use with any of these three browsers: Firefox, Chrome, or Safari. It allows one to download references from TrinCat, I-Share, WorldCat, and most of our databases, including ATLA, Academic Search Premier, and PsycInfo. After downloading references, Zotero can be used with its corresponding Microsoft Word (or Open Office counterpart) plugin to create parenthetical references/footnotes and bibliographies in many different citation styles. See our page for help with Zotero.