Trinity International University's Music Department encourages its students to use the Chicago Manual of Style format to cite their papers.
Chicago Manual of Style Online: https://vufind.carli.illinois.edu/vf-tiu/Record/tiu_667016
To access the page of very detailed citations, click The Chicago Manual of Style Contents → Part Three. Source Citations and Indexes → 14. Notes and Bibliography → Bibliographies
Brown, David. Tchaikovsky: The Man and His Music. New York: Pegasus Books, 2007.
1. David Brown, Tchaikovsky: The Man and His Music (New York: Pegasus Books, 2007), 45.
More Examples: 14.75: One Author
Gershwin, George. Selections from Porgy and Bess. Libretto by DuBose Heyward.
Lyrics by DuBose Heyward and Ira Gershwin. Secaucus, NJ: Warner Brothers, 1992.
1. George Gershwin, Selections from Porgy and Bess, libretto by DuBose Heyward, lyrics by DuBose Heyward and Ira Gershwin (Secaucus, NJ: Warner Brothers, 1992).
More Examples: 14.255: Published scores
Physical Recordings (CDs, DVDs, LPs, videocassettes, etc.)
1. George Frideric Handel, Messiah, King's Choir College, Cambridge, David Willcocks, with James Bowman, Robert Tear, Benjamin Luxon, et al., recorded July 1971 and 1972, EMI 637852-7, 1992, compact disc.
More Examples: 14.263: Musical recordings
Electronic Recordings of a Performance (iTunes, Naxos, Spotify, YouTube, Vimeo, etc.)
"Beethoven 9 - Chicago Symphony Orchestra - Riccardo Muti." Riccardo Muti.
With the Chicago Symphony Orchestra and Chorus. YouTube, May 8, 2015. Video,
1. "Beethoven 9 - Chicago Symphony Orchestra - Riccardo Muti," Riccardo Mutti, with the Chicago Symphony Orchestra and Chorus, May 8, 2015, video, 1:21:22, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rOjHhS5MtvA..
More Examples: 14.267: Videos, podcasts, and other online multimedia:
Entry from Grove Online (Oxford Music Online)
Grove Music Online is also called Oxford Music Online. It can be accessed from here: https://library.tiu.edu/az.php?a=o&q=oxford%20music
Grove Music Online. s.v. 'Paderewski, Ignacy Jan." Accessed September 14, 2018.
1. Grove Music Online, s.v. "Paderewski, Ignacy Jan," by Jim Samson, accessed September 14, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.article.20672.
More Examples: 14.233: Reference works consulted online
Article from a Periodical or Journal
Articles can be found by selecting the "Articles" tab in our library's search box.
Lizotte, Tom. "Improvisation in Beginning Jazz Combos." The Instrumentalist 71, no. 1 (2016): 36.
1. Tom Lizotte, "Improvisation in Beginning Jazz Combos," The Instrumentalist 71, no. 1 (2016): 36.
More Examples: 14.171: Journal volume, issue, and date
"Verdi." Classic FM. Accessed September 14, 2018. https://www.classicfm.com/composers/verdi/.
1. "Verdi," Classic FM, accessed September 14, 2018, https://www.classicfm.com/composers/verdi/.
More Examples: 14.207: Citing web pages and websites